Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, and Global Distribution of Mangroves―A Comprehensive Review
AbstractMangroves are ecologically important plants in marine habitats that occupy the coastlines of many countries. In addition to their key ecological importance, various parts of mangroves are widely used in folklore medicine and claimed to effectively manage a panoply of human pathologies. To date, no comprehensive attempt has been made to compile and critically analyze the published literature in light of its ethnopharmacological uses. This review aims to provide a comprehensive account of the morphological characteristics, ethnobotany, global distribution, taxonomy, ethnopharmacology, phytochemical profiles, and pharmacological activities of traditionally used mangroves. Out of 84 mangrove species, only 27 species were found to be traditionally used, however not all of them are pharmacologically validated. The most common pharmacological activities reported were antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antidiabetic properties. Mangroves traditionally reported against ulcers have not been extensively validated for possible pharmacological properties. Terpenoids, tannins, steroids, alkaloids, flavonoids, and saponins were the main classes of phytochemicals isolated from mangroves. Given that mangroves have huge potential for a wide array of medicinal products and drug discovery to prevent and treat many diseases, there is a dire need for careful investigations substantiated with accurate scientific and clinical evidence to ensure safety and efficient use of these plants and validate their pharmacological properties and toxicity. View Full-Text
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Nabeelah Bibi, S.; Fawzi, M.M.; Gokhan, Z.; Rajesh, J.; Nadeem, N.; R.R., R.K.; R.D.D.G., A.; Pandian, S.K. Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, and Global Distribution of Mangroves―A Comprehensive Review. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 231.
Nabeelah Bibi S, Fawzi MM, Gokhan Z, Rajesh J, Nadeem N, R.R. RK, R.D.D.G. A, Pandian SK. Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, and Global Distribution of Mangroves―A Comprehensive Review. Marine Drugs. 2019; 17(4):231.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nabeelah Bibi, Sadeer; Fawzi, Mahomoodally M.; Gokhan, Zengin; Rajesh, Jeewon; Nadeem, Nazurally; R.R., Rengasamy K.; R.D.D.G., Albuquerque; Pandian, Shunmugiah K. 2019. "Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, and Global Distribution of Mangroves―A Comprehensive Review." Mar. Drugs 17, no. 4: 231.
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