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Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(3), 156; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17030156

Preparation and Evaluation of Release Formulation of γ-Oryzanol/Algae Oil Self-Emulsified with Alginate Beads

1
Department of Hospitality Management, MingDao Unicersity, 369 Wen-Hua Rd., ChangHua 52345, Taiwan
2
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuokuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2019 / Revised: 3 March 2019 / Accepted: 4 March 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Biopolymers and Drug Delivery)
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Abstract

Self-emulsion improves solubility and bioavailability for γ-oryzanol/algae oil, and alginate beads can be used as controlled release carriers. In this study, self-emulsified alginate beads (SEABs) were prepared with different weight ratios of self-emulsion treatment (5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 30%) with alginate. We found that the microstructure with a surfactant of SEABs had a different appearance with alginate-based beads. The encapsulation of γ-oryzanol corresponded with the self-emulsion/alginate ratio, which was 98.93~60.20% with a different formulation of SEABs. During in vitro release, SEABs had the gastric protection of γ-oryzanol/algae oil, because γ-oryzanol and emulsion were not released in the simulated stomach fluid. When the SEABs were transferred to a simulation of the small intestine, they quickly began to swell and dissolve, releasing a higher content of the emulsion. We observed that the emulsion that formed had a bimodal distribution in the simulated intestinal fluid as a result of the hydrogel and emulsion droplets, leading to the formation of large aggregates. These results suggested that γ-oryzanol encapsulation within alginate beads via emulsification combined with gelation can serve as an effective controlled delivery system. View Full-Text
Keywords: γ-oryzanol; algae oil; self-emulsifying; alginate; controlled release γ-oryzanol; algae oil; self-emulsifying; alginate; controlled release
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yang, K.-M.; Chiang, P.-Y. Preparation and Evaluation of Release Formulation of γ-Oryzanol/Algae Oil Self-Emulsified with Alginate Beads. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 156.

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