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Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(2), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17020106

Solvolysis Artifacts: Leucettazoles as Cryptic Macrocyclic Alkaloid Dimers from a Southern Australian Marine Sponge, Leucetta sp.

Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
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Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 February 2019 / Published: 9 February 2019
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Abstract

Chemical analysis of a southern Australian sponge, Leucetta sp., led to the discovery of a pair of solvolysis adducts, leucettazoles A1 (1a) and B1 (2a), as artifacts of an unprecedented family of 15-membered macrocyclic alkaloid dimers featuring a pair of imino bridged 2-aminoimidazoles, together with a putative monomeric precursor, leucettazine A (3). The dimeric alkaloids 1a and 2a, and monomer 3, were identified by detailed spectroscopic analysis, supported by chemical transformations, analytical mass spectrometry, and biosynthetic considerations. Global natural product social networking (GNPS) molecular analysis of crude sponge extracts and solvent partitions, supported by single ion extraction (SIE) and diagnostic MS/MS fragmentations, revealed the associated natural products, leucettazoles A (1) and B (2). This study highlights that the study of natural product artifacts can be useful, and can on occasion serve as a pathway to discover cryptic new classes of natural products. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethanolysis; solvolysis; artifact; leucettazoles; leucettazines; macrocyclic alkaloids; Leucetta; Australian sponge; GNPS ethanolysis; solvolysis; artifact; leucettazoles; leucettazines; macrocyclic alkaloids; Leucetta; Australian sponge; GNPS
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Prasad, P.; Salim, A.A.; Khushi, S.; Khalil, Z.G.; Quezada, M.; Capon, R.J. Solvolysis Artifacts: Leucettazoles as Cryptic Macrocyclic Alkaloid Dimers from a Southern Australian Marine Sponge, Leucetta sp.. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 106.

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