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Open AccessArticle

Purification and Characterization of a Novel Alginate Lyase from the Marine Bacterium Bacillus sp. Alg07

1
National Engineering Laboratory for Industrial Enzymes, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin 300308, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(3), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16030086
Received: 9 February 2018 / Revised: 28 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 9 March 2018
Alginate oligosaccharides with different bioactivities can be prepared through the specific degradation of alginate by alginate lyases. Therefore, alginate lyases that can be used to degrade alginate under mild conditions have recently attracted public attention. Although various types of alginate lyases have been discovered and characterized, few can be used in industrial production. In this study, AlgA, a novel alginate lyase with high specific activity, was purified from the marine bacterium Bacillus sp. Alg07. AlgA had a molecular weight of approximately 60 kDa, an optimal temperature of 40 °C, and an optimal pH of 7.5. The activity of AlgA was dependent on sodium chloride and could be considerably enhanced by Mg2+ or Ca2+. Under optimal conditions, the activity of AlgA reached up to 8306.7 U/mg, which is the highest activity recorded for alginate lyases. Moreover, the enzyme was stable over a broad pH range (5.0–10.0), and its activity negligibly changed after 24 h of incubation at 40 °C. AlgA exhibited high activity and affinity toward poly-β-d-mannuronate (polyM). These characteristics suggested that AlgA is an endolytic polyM-specific alginate lyase (EC 4.2.2.3). The products of alginate and polyM degradation by AlgA were purified and identified through fast protein liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, which revealed that AlgA mainly produced disaccharides, trisaccharides, and tetrasaccharide from alginate and disaccharides and trisaccharides from polyM. Therefore, the novel lysate AlgA has potential applications in the production of mannuronic oligosaccharides and poly-α-l-guluronate blocks from alginate. View Full-Text
Keywords: alginate lyase; marine bacterium; Bacillus sp. Alg07; purification; alginate oligosaccharides alginate lyase; marine bacterium; Bacillus sp. Alg07; purification; alginate oligosaccharides
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Chen, P.; Zhu, Y.; Men, Y.; Zeng, Y.; Sun, Y. Purification and Characterization of a Novel Alginate Lyase from the Marine Bacterium Bacillus sp. Alg07. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 86.

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