Cytotoxic Potential of the Novel Horseshoe Crab Peptide Polyphemusin III
AbstractBiological activity of the new antimicrobial peptide polyphemusin III from the horseshoe crab Limulus polyphemus was examined against bacterial strains and human cancer, transformed, and normal cell cultures. Polyphemusin III has the amino acid sequence RRGCFRVCYRGFCFQRCR and is homologous to other β-hairpin peptides from the horseshoe crab. Antimicrobial activity of the peptide was evaluated and MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration) values were determined. IC50 (half-maximal inhibitory concentration) values measured toward human cells revealed that polyphemusin III showed a potent cytotoxic activity at concentrations of <10 μM. Polyphemusin III caused fast permeabilization of the cytoplasmic membrane of human leukemia cells HL-60, which was measured with trypan blue exclusion assay and lactate dehydrogenase-release assay. Flow cytometry experiments for annexin V-FITC/ propidium iodide double staining revealed that the caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-FMK, did not abrogate disruption of the plasma membrane by polyphemusin III. Our data suggest that polyphemusin III disrupts the plasma membrane integrity and induces cell death that is apparently not related to apoptosis. In comparison to known polyphemusins and tachyplesins, polyphemusin III demonstrates a similar or lower antimicrobial effect, but significantly higher cytotoxicity against human cancer and transformed cells in vitro. View Full-Text
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Marggraf, M.B.; Panteleev, P.V.; Emelianova, A.A.; Sorokin, M.I.; Bolosov, I.A.; Buzdin, A.A.; Kuzmin, D.V.; Ovchinnikova, T.V. Cytotoxic Potential of the Novel Horseshoe Crab Peptide Polyphemusin III. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 466.
Marggraf MB, Panteleev PV, Emelianova AA, Sorokin MI, Bolosov IA, Buzdin AA, Kuzmin DV, Ovchinnikova TV. Cytotoxic Potential of the Novel Horseshoe Crab Peptide Polyphemusin III. Marine Drugs. 2018; 16(12):466.Chicago/Turabian Style
Marggraf, Mariana B.; Panteleev, Pavel V.; Emelianova, Anna A.; Sorokin, Maxim I.; Bolosov, Ilia A.; Buzdin, Anton A.; Kuzmin, Denis V.; Ovchinnikova, Tatiana V. 2018. "Cytotoxic Potential of the Novel Horseshoe Crab Peptide Polyphemusin III." Mar. Drugs 16, no. 12: 466.
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