Exploitation of Mangrove Endophytic Fungi for Infectious Disease Drug Discovery
AbstractThere is an acute need for new and effective agents to treat infectious diseases. We conducted a screening program to assess the potential of mangrove-derived endophytic fungi as a source of new antibiotics. Fungi cultured in the presence and absence of small molecule epigenetic modulators were screened against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the ESKAPE panel of bacterial pathogens, as well as two eukaryotic infective agents, Leishmania donovani and Naegleria fowleri. By comparison of bioactivity data among treatments and targets, trends became evident, such as the result that more than 60% of active extracts were revealed to be selective to a single target. Validating the technique of using small molecules to dysregulate secondary metabolite production pathways, nearly half (44%) of those fungi producing active extracts only did so following histone deacetylase inhibitory (HDACi) or DNA methyltransferase inhibitory (DNMTi) treatment. View Full-Text
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Demers, D.H.; Knestrick, M.A.; Fleeman, R.; Tawfik, R.; Azhari, A.; Souza, A.; Vesely, B.; Netherton, M.; Gupta, R.; Colon, B.L.; Rice, C.A.; Rodríguez-Pérez, M.A.; Rohde, K.H.; Kyle, D.E.; Shaw, L.N.; Baker, B.J. Exploitation of Mangrove Endophytic Fungi for Infectious Disease Drug Discovery. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 376.
Demers DH, Knestrick MA, Fleeman R, Tawfik R, Azhari A, Souza A, Vesely B, Netherton M, Gupta R, Colon BL, Rice CA, Rodríguez-Pérez MA, Rohde KH, Kyle DE, Shaw LN, Baker BJ. Exploitation of Mangrove Endophytic Fungi for Infectious Disease Drug Discovery. Marine Drugs. 2018; 16(10):376.Chicago/Turabian Style
Demers, Danielle H.; Knestrick, Matthew A.; Fleeman, Renee; Tawfik, Rahmy; Azhari, Ala; Souza, Ashley; Vesely, Brian; Netherton, Mandy; Gupta, Rashmi; Colon, Beatrice L.; Rice, Christopher A.; Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A.; Rohde, Kyle H.; Kyle, Dennis E.; Shaw, Lindsey N.; Baker, Bill J. 2018. "Exploitation of Mangrove Endophytic Fungi for Infectious Disease Drug Discovery." Mar. Drugs 16, no. 10: 376.
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