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The Challenge of Ecophysiological Biodiversity for Biotechnological Applications of Marine Microalgae

Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, Naples 80121, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Mar. Drugs 2014, 12(3), 1641-1675; https://doi.org/10.3390/md12031641
Received: 7 November 2013 / Revised: 31 January 2014 / Accepted: 12 February 2014 / Published: 24 March 2014
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Abstract

In this review, we aim to explore the potential of microalgal biodiversity and ecology for biotechnological use. A deeper exploration of the biodiversity richness and ecophysiological properties of microalgae is crucial for enhancing their use for applicative purposes. After describing the actual biotechnological use of microalgae, we consider the multiple faces of taxonomical, morphological, functional and ecophysiological biodiversity of these organisms, and investigate how these properties could better serve the biotechnological field. Lastly, we propose new approaches to enhancing microalgal growth, photosynthesis, and synthesis of valuable products used in biotechnological fields, mainly focusing on culture conditions, especially light manipulations and genetic modifications. View Full-Text
Keywords: biotechnology; biomass; diatoms; phytoplankton; ecophysiology; biodiversity; functional diversity; cultures; light biotechnology; biomass; diatoms; phytoplankton; ecophysiology; biodiversity; functional diversity; cultures; light
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Barra, L.; Chandrasekaran, R.; Corato, F.; Brunet, C. The Challenge of Ecophysiological Biodiversity for Biotechnological Applications of Marine Microalgae. Mar. Drugs 2014, 12, 1641-1675.

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