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Article

Immediate Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing with Cervical Spine Mobilization on the Pulmonary Function and Craniovertebral Angle in Patients with Chronic Stroke

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Dongnam Health University, 50, Cheoncheon-ro 74beon-gil, Jangan-gu, Suwon-si 16328, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Yongin University, 134, Yongindaehak-ro, Cheoin-gu, Yongin-si 17092, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
3
Department of Physical Therapy, Suwon Women’s University, 1098, Juseok-ro, Bongdam-eup, Hwaseong-si 18333, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ričardas Radišauskas and Roberto Cirocchi
Medicina 2021, 57(8), 826; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57080826
Received: 15 July 2021 / Revised: 3 August 2021 / Accepted: 13 August 2021 / Published: 16 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Treatment of Stroke, Dementia and Atrial Fibrillation)
Background and Objectives: Patients with stroke have a forward neck posture due to neurological damage and often have impaired pulmonary function. This study investigated the effect of diaphragmatic breathing with cervical mobilization to improve pulmonary function cervical alignments. Materials and Methods: This study used a one-group pre-test–post-test design including 20 patients with stroke. Two types of cervical joint mobilization techniques, consisting of left and right lateral glide mobilization and posterior–anterior mobilization, were utilized. During joint mobilization, the patients performed diaphragmatic breathing. The measurements were performed immediately after the intervention. Pulmonary function was evaluated using a spirometer to measure the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and peak expiratory flow (PEF). The craniovertebral angle (CVA) was measured using lateral photographs. Results: After diaphragm breathing with cervical joint mobilization, subjects had significantly increased FEV1, FVC, PEF and CVA. Conclusion: Diaphragm breathing with cervical joint mobilization are possible interventions to increase pulmonary function and improve the craniovertebral angle in patients with stroke. However, a complete conclusion can be reached only after a follow-up study has been conducted with a comparison of more subjects and controls. View Full-Text
Keywords: diaphragmatic breathing; joint mobilization; pulmonary function; stroke; CVA diaphragmatic breathing; joint mobilization; pulmonary function; stroke; CVA
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MDPI and ACS Style

An, H.J.; Kim, A.Y.; Park, S.J. Immediate Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing with Cervical Spine Mobilization on the Pulmonary Function and Craniovertebral Angle in Patients with Chronic Stroke. Medicina 2021, 57, 826. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57080826

AMA Style

An HJ, Kim AY, Park SJ. Immediate Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing with Cervical Spine Mobilization on the Pulmonary Function and Craniovertebral Angle in Patients with Chronic Stroke. Medicina. 2021; 57(8):826. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57080826

Chicago/Turabian Style

An, Ho J., A Y. Kim, and Shin J. Park. 2021. "Immediate Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing with Cervical Spine Mobilization on the Pulmonary Function and Craniovertebral Angle in Patients with Chronic Stroke" Medicina 57, no. 8: 826. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57080826

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