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Article

A Comparative Study of Antioxidative Activity of Saliva in Children and Young Teenagers with and without Gingivitis

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Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, 18000 Niš, Serbia
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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, 18000 Niš, Serbia
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Department for Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Priština, 38220 Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia
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Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, University Hospital, LMU Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bruno Chrcanovic
Medicina 2021, 57(6), 569; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57060569
Received: 1 May 2021 / Revised: 27 May 2021 / Accepted: 1 June 2021 / Published: 3 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Dentistry)
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the values of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in the saliva of children and young teenagers with and without gingivitis. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 children and young teenagers of the mean age of 12.2 participated in the research. Gingival condition was assessed using the Löe and Silness Gingival Index. The subjects were divided into groups of those without gingivitis and those with gingivitis. Samples of unstimulated saliva were collected, and TAC, CAT and GPX were determined spectrophotometrically. Results: By comparing the values of TAC, CAT and GPX in subjects with and without gingivitis, significantly lower values of TAC (p < 0.001) and CAT (p < 0.001) were observed in the group of subjects with gingivitis. The correlation analysis of these values showed a positive correlation in groups of subjects not suffering from gingival inflammation and those with gingival inflammation. Conclusions: The study showed significantly lower values of TAC and CAT in the saliva of subjects with gingivitis. This indicates their possible role as a potential biomarker in the early diagnosis and expression of periodontal disease in children and young teenagers. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; teenagers; gingivitis; saliva; total antioxidant capacity; catalase; glutathione peroxidase children; teenagers; gingivitis; saliva; total antioxidant capacity; catalase; glutathione peroxidase
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tričković Janjić, O.; Cvetković, T.; Stojković, B.; Mladenović, R.; Janjić Ranković, M. A Comparative Study of Antioxidative Activity of Saliva in Children and Young Teenagers with and without Gingivitis. Medicina 2021, 57, 569. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57060569

AMA Style

Tričković Janjić O, Cvetković T, Stojković B, Mladenović R, Janjić Ranković M. A Comparative Study of Antioxidative Activity of Saliva in Children and Young Teenagers with and without Gingivitis. Medicina. 2021; 57(6):569. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57060569

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tričković Janjić, Olivera, Tatjana Cvetković, Branislava Stojković, Raša Mladenović, and Mila Janjić Ranković. 2021. "A Comparative Study of Antioxidative Activity of Saliva in Children and Young Teenagers with and without Gingivitis" Medicina 57, no. 6: 569. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57060569

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