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Review

Mediterranean Diet a Potential Strategy against SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Narrative Review

1
Department of Medical and Surgical Science, University Magna Græcia, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
2
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University Magna Græcia, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
3
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, IEO European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, 20141 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ludovico Abenavoli
Medicina 2021, 57(12), 1389; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57121389
Received: 15 November 2021 / Revised: 14 December 2021 / Accepted: 18 December 2021 / Published: 20 December 2021
Mediterranean Diet represents the traditional eating habits of populations living around the Mediterranean Sea, and it is associated with a lower risk of overall mortality and cancer incidence and cardiovascular diseases. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is a new pandemic, and represents a significant and critical threat to global human health. In this study, we aimed to review the possible effects of Mediterranean Diet against the risk of the coronavirus disease 2019. Several vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, and phytochemicals with their potential anti-COVID-19 activity are presented. Different risk factors may increase or reduce the probability of contracting the disease. Mediterranean Diet has also a positive action on inflammation and immune system and could have a protective effect against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Further studies are needed to corroborate the benefits of the Mediterranean Diet protective role on infection with SARS-CoV-2. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; COVID-19; inflammation; nutrition; SARS-CoV-2 Mediterranean diet; COVID-19; inflammation; nutrition; SARS-CoV-2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferro, Y.; Pujia, R.; Maurotti, S.; Boragina, G.; Mirarchi, A.; Gnagnarella, P.; Mazza, E. Mediterranean Diet a Potential Strategy against SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Narrative Review. Medicina 2021, 57, 1389. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57121389

AMA Style

Ferro Y, Pujia R, Maurotti S, Boragina G, Mirarchi A, Gnagnarella P, Mazza E. Mediterranean Diet a Potential Strategy against SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Narrative Review. Medicina. 2021; 57(12):1389. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57121389

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferro, Yvelise, Roberta Pujia, Samantha Maurotti, Giada Boragina, Angela Mirarchi, Patrizia Gnagnarella, and Elisa Mazza. 2021. "Mediterranean Diet a Potential Strategy against SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Narrative Review" Medicina 57, no. 12: 1389. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57121389

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