Next Article in Journal
Active Pulmonary Tuberculosis Triggered by Interferon Beta-1b Therapy of Multiple Sclerosis: Four Case Reports and a Literature Review
Previous Article in Journal
Palatal Wound Healing with Primary Intention in a Rat Model—Histology and Immunohistomorphometry
 
 
Article

Prevalence of Periodontal Disease among Obese Young Adult Population in Saudi Arabia—A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Zulfi 11952, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Zulfi 11952, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Maxillofacial Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Zulfi 11952, Saudi Arabia
4
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Asan Memorial Dental College, Chengalpettu 6000094, India
5
Department of Preventive Dental Science, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Zulfi 11952, Saudi Arabia
6
Department of Periodontics and Community Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha 62521, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(4), 197; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040197
Received: 1 March 2020 / Revised: 12 April 2020 / Accepted: 14 April 2020 / Published: 24 April 2020
Background and objectives: We aimed to assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among obese young adults in Saudi Arabia and to analyze the association between different body mass indexes and the severity of periodontal disease. Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of 307 obese patients aged 18–39 years, with body mass index (BMI) ≥30. Demographic variables for periodontal disease, anthropometric parameters such as BMI along with clinical parameters such as oral hygiene index-simplified, community periodontal index (CPI) score and loss of attachment (LOA), were assessed. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictors for chronic periodontitis in obese young adults between 18–40 years of age. Results: The majority of the participants (71.3%) had periodontal disease. Obese and extremely obese patients together showed a statistically significant difference in the age group of 21-30 years in terms of CPI score for inflammation (p < 0.05) and LOA (p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed age (OR: 3.180; 95%CL: 1.337–7.561; p <.001), occasional dental visit (OR: 5.965; 95%CL: 3.130–11.368; p < 0.001), smoking >10 cigarettes (OR: 11.868; 95%CL: 3.588–39.254; p < 0.001) and poor oral hygiene status (OR: 17.250; 95%CL: 6.958–42.764; p < 0.001) were associated with a significantly higher risk of having periodontal disease. Conclusions: This study showed a high prevalence of periodontal disease in obese patients among the Saudi Arabian population. View Full-Text
Keywords: prevalence; periodontal disease; obese; CPI; Saudi Arabia prevalence; periodontal disease; obese; CPI; Saudi Arabia
MDPI and ACS Style

Thomas, J.T.; Thomas, T.; Ahmed, M.; Kannan S, K.; Abdullah, Z.; Alghamdi, S.A.; Joseph, B. Prevalence of Periodontal Disease among Obese Young Adult Population in Saudi Arabia—A Cross-Sectional Study. Medicina 2020, 56, 197. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040197

AMA Style

Thomas JT, Thomas T, Ahmed M, Kannan S K, Abdullah Z, Alghamdi SA, Joseph B. Prevalence of Periodontal Disease among Obese Young Adult Population in Saudi Arabia—A Cross-Sectional Study. Medicina. 2020; 56(4):197. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040197

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thomas, Julie Toby, Toby Thomas, Masood Ahmed, Karthiga Kannan S, Zoha Abdullah, Sara Ayid Alghamdi, and Betsy Joseph. 2020. "Prevalence of Periodontal Disease among Obese Young Adult Population in Saudi Arabia—A Cross-Sectional Study" Medicina 56, no. 4: 197. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040197

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop