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Review

The Role of Adaptogens in Prophylaxis and Treatment of Viral Respiratory Infections

1
Phytomed AB, Vaxtorp, 31275 Halland, Sweden
2
EuropharmaUSA, Green Bay, WI 54311, USA
3
Department of Botany and Plant Biotechnology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa
4
Traditional Medicinals Inc., Rohnert Park, CA 94928, USA
5
Plantaphile, Collingswood, NJ 08108, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmaceuticals 2020, 13(9), 236; https://doi.org/10.3390/ph13090236
Received: 20 August 2020 / Revised: 1 September 2020 / Accepted: 3 September 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020
The aim of our review is to demonstrate the potential of herbal preparations, specifically adaptogens for prevention and treatment of respiratory infections, as well as convalescence, specifically through supporting a challenged immune system, increasing resistance to viral infection, inhibiting severe inflammatory progression, and driving effective recovery. The evidence from pre-clinical and clinical studies with Andrographis paniculata, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Glycyrrhiza spp., Panax spp., Rhodiola rosea, Schisandra chinensis, Withania somnifera, their combination products and melatonin suggests that adaptogens can be useful in prophylaxis and treatment of viral infections at all stages of progression of inflammation as well as in aiding recovery of the organism by (i) modulating innate and adaptive immunity, (ii) anti-inflammatory activity, (iii) detoxification and repair of oxidative stress-induced damage in compromised cells, (iv) direct antiviral effects of inhibiting viral docking or replication, and (v) improving quality of life during convalescence. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptogens; Andrographis; Eleutherococcus; Glycyrrhiza; Panax; Rhodiola; Schisandra; Withania; melatonin; viral infection adaptogens; Andrographis; Eleutherococcus; Glycyrrhiza; Panax; Rhodiola; Schisandra; Withania; melatonin; viral infection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Panossian, A.; Brendler, T. The Role of Adaptogens in Prophylaxis and Treatment of Viral Respiratory Infections. Pharmaceuticals 2020, 13, 236. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph13090236

AMA Style

Panossian A, Brendler T. The Role of Adaptogens in Prophylaxis and Treatment of Viral Respiratory Infections. Pharmaceuticals. 2020; 13(9):236. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph13090236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Panossian, Alexander, and Thomas Brendler. 2020. "The Role of Adaptogens in Prophylaxis and Treatment of Viral Respiratory Infections" Pharmaceuticals 13, no. 9: 236. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph13090236

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