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Article

Chemical Profile and Biological Activities of Essential Oil from Artemisia vulgaris L. Cultivated in Brazil

1
Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Biological and Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís 65085-580, MA, Brazil
2
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, Waite Research Institute, University of Adelaide, PMB 1, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia
3
Department of Pharmacy, Biological and Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís 65085-580, MA, Brazil
4
Department of Pathology, Biological and Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís 65085-580, MA, Brazil
5
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor DE, Malaysia
6
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmaceuticals 2019, 12(2), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/ph12020049
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 19 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 1 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Phytochemicals on Drug Development)
Essential oil from the leaves of Artemisia vulgaris L. (Compositae) cultivated in Brazil was investigated for its chemical composition and biological activities including antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic. The constituents of essential oils isolated by hydro-distillation were examined by GC-MS and a total of 18 components were identified. The essential oil was dominated by oxygenated sesquiterpenes (44.4%), sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (33.3%), and oxygenated monoterpenes (16.6%). Caryophyllene (37.45%), germacrene D (16.17%), and humulene (13.66%) were the major components. The essential oils from A. vulgaris showed bactericidal and fungicidal properties against Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans, respectively. Anthelmintic activity against Haemonchus contortus was absent in this essential oil. Altogether above results indicate that essential oils from A. vulgaris can be used for various medicinal purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthelmintic; antimicrobial; (compositae); caryophyllene; germacrene-D; humulene; GCMS-chromatography anthelmintic; antimicrobial; (compositae); caryophyllene; germacrene-D; humulene; GCMS-chromatography
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MDPI and ACS Style

Malik, S.; de Mesquita, L.S.S.; Silva, C.R.; de Mesquita, J.W.C.; de Sá Rocha, E.; Bose, J.; Abiri, R.; de Maria Silva Figueiredo, P.; Costa-Júnior, L.M. Chemical Profile and Biological Activities of Essential Oil from Artemisia vulgaris L. Cultivated in Brazil. Pharmaceuticals 2019, 12, 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph12020049

AMA Style

Malik S, de Mesquita LSS, Silva CR, de Mesquita JWC, de Sá Rocha E, Bose J, Abiri R, de Maria Silva Figueiredo P, Costa-Júnior LM. Chemical Profile and Biological Activities of Essential Oil from Artemisia vulgaris L. Cultivated in Brazil. Pharmaceuticals. 2019; 12(2):49. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph12020049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Malik, Sonia, Ludmilla S.S. de Mesquita, Carolina R. Silva, José W.C. de Mesquita, Emmeline de Sá Rocha, Jayakumar Bose, Rambod Abiri, Patricia de Maria Silva Figueiredo, and Livio M. Costa-Júnior 2019. "Chemical Profile and Biological Activities of Essential Oil from Artemisia vulgaris L. Cultivated in Brazil" Pharmaceuticals 12, no. 2: 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph12020049

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