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Article

Contact Compliance Based Visual Feedback for Tool Alignment in Robot Assisted Bone Drilling

Department of Biomechatronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Gabriella Xibilia
Sensors 2022, 22(9), 3205; https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093205
Received: 31 March 2022 / Revised: 17 April 2022 / Accepted: 19 April 2022 / Published: 21 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Sensors for Intelligent Control Systems)
In recent decades, robot-assisted surgery has been proven superior at providing more accurate outcomes than the conventional one, particularly in minimally invasive procedures. However, there are still limitations to these kinds of surgical robots. Accurate bone drilling on the steep and hard surface of cortical bone is still challenging. The issues of slipping away from the target entry point on the bone surface and subsequently deviating from the desired path are still not completely solved. Therefore, in this paper, a force control is proposed to accompany the resolved motion rate controller in a handheld orthopedic robot system. The force control makes it possible to adjust the contact compliance of the drill to the bone surface. With the proper contact compliance, the drill can be prevented from deflecting in contact with the bone surface, and will eventually be directed to the target entry point. The experiments on test jig and vertebra phantom also show that the robot under the proposed contact compliance visual feedback control structure could produce better usability positioning accuracy under various contact disturbances than its counterpart. View Full-Text
Keywords: force control; human robot collaboration; surgical robot; medical robot force control; human robot collaboration; surgical robot; medical robot
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yen, P.-L.; Chen, Y.-J. Contact Compliance Based Visual Feedback for Tool Alignment in Robot Assisted Bone Drilling. Sensors 2022, 22, 3205. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093205

AMA Style

Yen P-L, Chen Y-J. Contact Compliance Based Visual Feedback for Tool Alignment in Robot Assisted Bone Drilling. Sensors. 2022; 22(9):3205. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093205

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yen, Ping-Lang, and Yu-Jui Chen. 2022. "Contact Compliance Based Visual Feedback for Tool Alignment in Robot Assisted Bone Drilling" Sensors 22, no. 9: 3205. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093205

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