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Article

Enabling Reliable UAV Control by Utilizing Multiple Protocols and Paths for Transmitting Duplicated Control Packets

Division of IT Convergence Engineering, Hansung University, Seoul 02876, Korea
Academic Editor: Carlos Tavares Calafate
Sensors 2021, 21(9), 3295; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093295
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 5 May 2021 / Accepted: 7 May 2021 / Published: 10 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Time-Sensitive Networks for Unmanned Aircraft Systems)
In the last ten years, supported by the advances in technologies for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), UAVs have developed rapidly and are utilized for a wide range of applications. To operate UAVs safely, by exchanging control packets continuously, operators should be able to monitor UAVs in real-time and deal with any problems immediately. However, due to any networking problems or unstable wireless communications, control packets can be lost or transmissions can be delayed, which causes the unstable drone control. To overcome this limitation, in this paper, we propose MuTran for enabling reliable UAV control. MuTran considers the packet type and duplicates only control packets, not data packets. After that, MuTran transmits the original and duplicate packets through multiple protocols and paths to improve the reliability of control packet transmissions. We designed MuTran and conducted a lot of theoretical analyses to demonstrate the validity of MuTran and analyze it from various aspects. We implemented MuTran on real devices and evaluated MuTran using the devices. We conducted experiments to verify the limitations of the existing systems and demonstrate that control packets can be transmitted more stably by using MuTran. Through the analysis and experimental results, we confirmed that MuTran reduces the control packet transfer delay, which improves the reliability and stability of controlling UAVs. View Full-Text
Keywords: unmanned aerial vehicle; drone; control packet; multipath transmission control protocol; user datagram protocol unmanned aerial vehicle; drone; control packet; multipath transmission control protocol; user datagram protocol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, W. Enabling Reliable UAV Control by Utilizing Multiple Protocols and Paths for Transmitting Duplicated Control Packets. Sensors 2021, 21, 3295. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093295

AMA Style

Lee W. Enabling Reliable UAV Control by Utilizing Multiple Protocols and Paths for Transmitting Duplicated Control Packets. Sensors. 2021; 21(9):3295. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093295

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Woonghee. 2021. "Enabling Reliable UAV Control by Utilizing Multiple Protocols and Paths for Transmitting Duplicated Control Packets" Sensors 21, no. 9: 3295. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093295

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