Next Article in Journal
Fast Quantification of Air Pollutants by Mid-Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging and Principal Component Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
A Multi-Level Output-Based DBN Model for Fine Classification of Complex Geo-Environments Area Using Ziyuan-3 TMS Imagery
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Intelligent Data Uploading Selection Mechanism for Offloading Uplink Traffic of Cellular Networks
Article

Standards-Compliant Multi-Protocol On-Board Unit for the Evaluation of Connected and Automated Mobility Services in Multi-Vendor Environments

1
Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya, 08860 Castelldefels, Spain
2
Peugeot Citroën Automobiles, 78943 Velizy-Villacoublay, France
3
Worldsensing S.L., 08014 Barcelona, Spain
4
Computer Science, Telecommunications and Multimedia Department, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, 08018 Barcelona, Spain
5
EURECOM, 06904 Sophia Antipolis, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in An Experimental Vehicular On-Board Unit for the Execution of Anticipated Cooperative Collision Avoidance Services in Cross-Border Scenarios. In Proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Wireless Network Testbeds, Experimental Evaluation & Characterization (WiNTECH’20), London, UK, 25 September 2020.
Academic Editor: Celimuge Wu
Sensors 2021, 21(6), 2090; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21062090
Received: 26 January 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 9 March 2021 / Published: 17 March 2021
Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications enable real-time information exchange between vehicles and infrastructure, which extends the perception range of vehicles beyond the limits of on-board sensors and, thus, facilitating the realisation of cooperative, connected, and automated mobility (CCAM) services that will improve road safety and traffic efficiency. In the context of CCAM, the successful deployments of cooperative intelligent transport system (C-ITS) use cases, with the integration of advanced wireless communication technologies, are effectively leading to make transport safer and more efficient. However, the evaluation of multi-vendor and multi-protocol based CCAM service architectures can become challenging and complex. Additionally, conducting on-demand field trials of such architectures with real vehicles involved is prohibitively expensive and time-consuming. In order to overcome these obstacles, in this paper, we present the development of a standards-compliant experimental vehicular on-board unit (OBU) that supports the integration of multiple V2X protocols from different vendors to communicate with heterogeneous cloud-based services that are offered by several original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). We experimentally demonstrate the functionalities of the OBU in a real-world deployment of a cooperative collision avoidance service infrastructure that is based on edge and cloud servers. In addition, we measure end-to-end application-level latencies of multi-protocol supported V2X information flows to show the effectiveness of interoperability in V2X communications between different vehicle OEMs. View Full-Text
Keywords: 5G; mobile edge computing; V2X communication; cooperative perception; intelligent transport systems 5G; mobile edge computing; V2X communication; cooperative perception; intelligent transport systems
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sedar, R.; Vázquez-Gallego, F.; Casellas, R.; Vilalta, R.; Muñoz, R.; Silva, R.; Dizambourg, L.; Fernández Barciela, A.E.; Vilajosana, X.; Datta, S.K.; Härri, J.; Alonso-Zarate, J. Standards-Compliant Multi-Protocol On-Board Unit for the Evaluation of Connected and Automated Mobility Services in Multi-Vendor Environments. Sensors 2021, 21, 2090. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21062090

AMA Style

Sedar R, Vázquez-Gallego F, Casellas R, Vilalta R, Muñoz R, Silva R, Dizambourg L, Fernández Barciela AE, Vilajosana X, Datta SK, Härri J, Alonso-Zarate J. Standards-Compliant Multi-Protocol On-Board Unit for the Evaluation of Connected and Automated Mobility Services in Multi-Vendor Environments. Sensors. 2021; 21(6):2090. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21062090

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sedar, Roshan, Francisco Vázquez-Gallego, Ramon Casellas, Ricard Vilalta, Raul Muñoz, Rodrigo Silva, Laurent Dizambourg, Antonio E. Fernández Barciela, Xavier Vilajosana, Soumya K. Datta, Jérôme Härri, and Jesus Alonso-Zarate. 2021. "Standards-Compliant Multi-Protocol On-Board Unit for the Evaluation of Connected and Automated Mobility Services in Multi-Vendor Environments" Sensors 21, no. 6: 2090. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21062090

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop