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The More, the Better? Improving VR Firefighting Training System with Realistic Firefighter Tools as Controllers

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Department of Artificial Intelligence, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Korea
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Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Daejeon 34129, Korea
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School of Informatics, Computing, and Engineering, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, IL 47405, USA
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Department of Intelligence Computing, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Enrico Vezzetti, Barbara Motyl, Domenico Speranza and Luca Ulrich
Sensors 2021, 21(21), 7193; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21217193
Received: 23 September 2021 / Revised: 25 October 2021 / Accepted: 27 October 2021 / Published: 29 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Extended Reality (XR): AR, VR, MR and Beyond)
A virtual reality (VR) controller plays a key role in supporting interactions between users and the virtual environment. This paper investigates the relationship between the user experience and VR control device modality. We developed a VR firefighting training system integrated with four control devices adapted from real firefighting tools. We iteratively improved the controllers and VR system through a pilot study with six participants and conducted a user study with 30 participants to assess two salient human factor constructs—perceived presence and cognitive load—with three device modality conditions (two standard VR controllers, four real tools, and a hybrid of one real tool and one standard VR controller). We found that having more realistic devices that simulate real tools does not necessarily guarantee a higher level of user experience, highlighting a strategic approach to the development and utilization of VR control devices. Our study gives empirical insights on establishing appropriate combinations of VR control device modality in the context of field-based VR simulation and training. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual reality; firefighting training system; VR control modality; user experience; presence; cognitive load virtual reality; firefighting training system; VR control modality; user experience; presence; cognitive load
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, S.; Paik, S.; Yang, U.; Shih, P.C.; Han, K. The More, the Better? Improving VR Firefighting Training System with Realistic Firefighter Tools as Controllers. Sensors 2021, 21, 7193. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21217193

AMA Style

Jeon S, Paik S, Yang U, Shih PC, Han K. The More, the Better? Improving VR Firefighting Training System with Realistic Firefighter Tools as Controllers. Sensors. 2021; 21(21):7193. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21217193

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeon, Seunggon, Seungwon Paik, Ungyeon Yang, Patrick C. Shih, and Kyungsik Han. 2021. "The More, the Better? Improving VR Firefighting Training System with Realistic Firefighter Tools as Controllers" Sensors 21, no. 21: 7193. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21217193

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