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Article

The Sensor Hub for Detecting the Developmental Characteristics in Reading in Children on a White vs. Colored Background/Colored Overlays

1
Jožef Stefan International Postgraduate School, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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School of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Institute of Medical Statistics and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade,11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
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FTŠ Turistica, University of Primorska, 6320 Portorož, Slovenia
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Computer Systems Department, Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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Laboratory for Neurocognition and Applied Cognition, Faculty of philosophy, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2021, 21(2), 406; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020406
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 3 January 2021 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
This study investigated the influence of white vs. 12 background and overlay colors on the reading process in twenty-four school-age children. Previous research reported that colors could affect reading skills as an important factor in the emotional and physiological state of the body. The aim of the study was to assess developmental differences between second and third grade students of an elementary school, and to evaluate differences in electroencephalography (EEG), ocular, electrodermal activities (EDA) and heart rate variability (HRV). Our findings showed a decreasing trend with age regarding EEG power bands (Alpha, Beta, Delta, Theta) and lower scores of reading duration and eye-tracking measures in younger children compared to older children. As shown in the results, HRV parameters showed higher scores in 12 background and overlay colors among second than third grade students, which is linearly correlated to the level of stress and is readable from EDA measures as well. Our study showed the calming effect on second graders of turquoise and blue background colors. Considering other colors separately for each parameter, we assumed that there are no systematic differences in reading duration, EEG power band, eye-tracking and EDA measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: sensor hub; reading in children; developmental differences; background colors; overlay colors sensor hub; reading in children; developmental differences; background colors; overlay colors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jakovljević, T.; Janković, M.M.; Savić, A.M.; Soldatović, I.; Todorović, P.; Jere Jakulin, T.; Papa, G.; Ković, V. The Sensor Hub for Detecting the Developmental Characteristics in Reading in Children on a White vs. Colored Background/Colored Overlays. Sensors 2021, 21, 406. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020406

AMA Style

Jakovljević T, Janković MM, Savić AM, Soldatović I, Todorović P, Jere Jakulin T, Papa G, Ković V. The Sensor Hub for Detecting the Developmental Characteristics in Reading in Children on a White vs. Colored Background/Colored Overlays. Sensors. 2021; 21(2):406. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020406

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jakovljević, Tamara, Milica M. Janković, Andrej M. Savić, Ivan Soldatović, Petar Todorović, Tadeja Jere Jakulin, Gregor Papa, and Vanja Ković. 2021. "The Sensor Hub for Detecting the Developmental Characteristics in Reading in Children on a White vs. Colored Background/Colored Overlays" Sensors 21, no. 2: 406. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020406

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