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Open AccessArticle

Comparison between Linear and Branched Polyethylenimine and Reduced Graphene Oxide Coatings as a Capture Layer for Micro Resonant CO2 Gas Concentration Sensors

Department of Electrical Engineering, École de Technologie Supérieure, Montreal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada
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Sensors 2020, 20(7), 1824; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20071824
Received: 14 February 2020 / Revised: 17 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomechanical Sensors)
The comparison between potential coatings for the measurement of CO2 concentration through the frequency shift in micro-resonators is presented. The polymers evaluated are linear polyethylenimine, branched polyethylenimine and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) by microwave reduction with polyethylenimine. The characterization of the coatings was made by using 6 MHz gold-plated quartz crystals, and a proof-of-concept sensor is shown with a diaphragm electrostatic microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) resonator. The methods of producing the solutions of the polymers deposited onto the quartz crystals are presented. A CO2 concentration range from 0.05% to 1% was dissolved in air and humidity level were controlled and evaluated. Linear polyethylenimine showed superior performance with a reaction time obtained for stabilization after the concentration increase of 345 s, while the time for recovery was of 126 s, with a maximum frequency deviation of 33.6 Hz for an in-air CO2 concentration of 0.1%. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyethylenimine; micro-resonator; CO2 sensor; gas sensor; humidity sensor; reduced graphene oxide; coatings; mass sensor polyethylenimine; micro-resonator; CO2 sensor; gas sensor; humidity sensor; reduced graphene oxide; coatings; mass sensor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Prud’homme, A.; Nabki, F. Comparison between Linear and Branched Polyethylenimine and Reduced Graphene Oxide Coatings as a Capture Layer for Micro Resonant CO2 Gas Concentration Sensors. Sensors 2020, 20, 1824.

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