Since requirements of related applications for time series remotely-sensed images with high spatial resolution have been hard to be satisfied under current observation conditions of satellite sensors, it is key to reconstruct high-resolution images at specified dates. As an effective data reconstruction technique, spatiotemporal fusion can be used to generate time series land surface parameters with a clear geophysical significance. In this study, an improved fusion model based on the Sparse Representation-Based Spatiotemporal Reflectance Fusion Model (SPSTFM) is developed and assessed with reflectance data from Gaofen-2 Multi-Spectral (GF-2 MS) and Gaofen-1 Wide-Field-View (GF-1 WFV). By introducing a spatially enhanced training method to dictionary training and sparse coding processes, the developed fusion framework is expected to promote the description of high-resolution and low-resolution overcomplete dictionaries. Assessment indices including Average Absolute Deviation (AAD), Root-Mean-Square Error (RMSE), Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), Correlation Coefficient (CC), spectral angle mapper (SAM), structure similarity (SSIM) and Erreur Relative Global Adimensionnelle de Synthèse (ERGAS) are then used to test employed fusion methods for a parallel comparison. The experimental results show that more accurate prediction of GF-2 MS reflectance than that from the SPSTFM can be obtained and furthermore comparable with popular two-pair based reflectance fusion models like the Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Fusion Model (STARFM) and the Enhanced-STARFM (ESTARFM).
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