The objective of this study was to investigate the accuracy of a Deep Neural Network (DNN) in recognizing activities typical for hospitalized patients. A data collection study was conducted with 20 healthy volunteers (10 males and 10 females, age = 43 ± 13 years) in a simulated hospital environment. A single triaxial accelerometer mounted on the trunk was used to measure body movement and recognize six activity types: lying in bed, upright posture, walking, wheelchair transport, stair ascent and stair descent. A DNN consisting of a three-layer convolutional neural network followed by a long short-term memory layer was developed for this classification problem. Additionally, features were extracted from the accelerometer data to train a support vector machine (SVM) classifier for comparison. The DNN reached 94.52% overall accuracy on the holdout dataset compared to 83.35% of the SVM classifier. In conclusion, a DNN is capable of recognizing types of physical activity in simulated hospital conditions using data captured by a single tri-axial accelerometer. The method described may be used for continuous monitoring of patient activities during hospitalization to provide additional insights into the recovery process.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited