This study proposes a framework for describing a scene change using natural language text based on indoor scene observations conducted before and after a scene change. The recognition of scene changes plays an essential role in a variety of real-world applications, such as scene anomaly detection. Most scene understanding research has focused on static scenes. Most existing scene change captioning methods detect scene changes from single-view RGB images, neglecting the underlying three-dimensional structures. Previous three-dimensional scene change captioning methods use simulated scenes consisting of geometry primitives, making it unsuitable for real-world applications. To solve these problems, we automatically generated large-scale indoor scene change caption datasets. We propose an end-to-end framework for describing scene changes from various input modalities, namely, RGB images, depth images, and point cloud data, which are available in most robot applications. We conducted experiments with various input modalities and models and evaluated model performance using datasets with various levels of complexity. Experimental results show that the models that combine RGB images and point cloud data as input achieve high performance in sentence generation and caption correctness and are robust for change type understanding for datasets with high complexity. The developed datasets and models contribute to the study of indoor scene change understanding.
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