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Open AccessArticle

Precipitable Water Vapor Retrieval from Shipborne GNSS Observations on the Korean Research Vessel ISABU

1
Space Science Division, Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 34055, Korea
2
Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Busan 49111, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(15), 4261; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20154261
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 29 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
We estimate precipitable water vapor (PWV) from data collected by the low-cost Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver at a vessel. The dual-frequency GNSS receiver that the vessel ISABU is equipped with that is operated by the Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology. The ISABU served in the Pacific Ocean for scientific research during a period from August 30 to September 21, 2018. It also performs radiosonde observations to obtain a vertical profile of troposphere on the vessel’s path. The GNSS-derived PWV is compared to radiosonde observations and the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite output. A bias and root-mean-square (RMS) error between shipborne GNSS-PWV and radiosonde-PWV were −1.48 and 5.22 mm, respectively. When compared to the ground GNSS-PWV, shipborne GNSS-PWV has a relatively large RMS error in comparison with radiosonde-PWV. However, the GNSS observations on the vessel are still in good agreement with radiosonde observations. On the other hand, the GNSS-PWV is not well linearly correlated with AIRS-PWV. The RMS error between the two observations was approximately 8.97 mm. In addition, we showed that the vessel on the sea surface has significantly larger carrier phase multipath error compared to the ground-based GNSS observations. This also can result in reducing the accuracy of shipborne GNSS-PWV. However, we suggest that the shipborne GNSS has sufficient potential to derive PWV with the kinematic precise point positioning (PPP) solution on the vessel. View Full-Text
Keywords: GNSS; shipborne; precipitable water vapor; radiosonde; AIRS; kinematic precise point positioning GNSS; shipborne; precipitable water vapor; radiosonde; AIRS; kinematic precise point positioning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sohn, D.-H.; Choi, B.-K.; Park, Y.; Kim, Y.C.; Ku, B. Precipitable Water Vapor Retrieval from Shipborne GNSS Observations on the Korean Research Vessel ISABU. Sensors 2020, 20, 4261. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20154261

AMA Style

Sohn D-H, Choi B-K, Park Y, Kim YC, Ku B. Precipitable Water Vapor Retrieval from Shipborne GNSS Observations on the Korean Research Vessel ISABU. Sensors. 2020; 20(15):4261. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20154261

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sohn, Dong-Hyo; Choi, Byung-Kyu; Park, Yosup; Kim, Yoon C.; Ku, Bonhwa. 2020. "Precipitable Water Vapor Retrieval from Shipborne GNSS Observations on the Korean Research Vessel ISABU" Sensors 20, no. 15: 4261. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20154261

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