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Letter

Estimation of the Intrinsic Power Efficiency in Magnetoelectric Laminates Using Temperature Measurements

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(11), 3332; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113332
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 8 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetoelectric Sensors: Theory, Design and Application)
Magnetoelectric (ME) power efficiency is a more important property than the ME voltage or the current coefficients for power conversion applications. This paper introduces an analytical model that describes the relation between the external magnetic field and the power efficiency in layered ME composites. It is a two-phase model. The first fragment establishes the expression between the magnetic field strength and the temperature increase within an operating period. It uses a magneto-elasto-electric equivalent circuit model that was developed by Dong et al. Following previous investigations; the main loss source is the mechanical power dissipation. The second fragment links the power efficiency and the temperature increase in a heat-balanced system. This method is generally used by researchers in the piezoelectric field. The analytical model and the experimental data shows that the decrease of the power efficiency in a laminated composite is between 5% and 10% for a power density of 10 W/in3 (0.61 W/cm3) to 30 W/in3 (1.83 W/cm3). The failure mechanism/process of ME composites under high power density can be estimated/monitored by the proposed method for ME composites in practical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetoelectric effect; power efficiency; equivalent circuit model; magnetoelectric gyrator magnetoelectric effect; power efficiency; equivalent circuit model; magnetoelectric gyrator
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhuang, X.; Leung, C.-M.; Li, J.; Viehland, D. Estimation of the Intrinsic Power Efficiency in Magnetoelectric Laminates Using Temperature Measurements. Sensors 2020, 20, 3332. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113332

AMA Style

Zhuang X, Leung C-M, Li J, Viehland D. Estimation of the Intrinsic Power Efficiency in Magnetoelectric Laminates Using Temperature Measurements. Sensors. 2020; 20(11):3332. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113332

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhuang, Xin, Chung-Ming Leung, Jiefang Li, and Dwight Viehland. 2020. "Estimation of the Intrinsic Power Efficiency in Magnetoelectric Laminates Using Temperature Measurements" Sensors 20, no. 11: 3332. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113332

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