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Smartphone Sensors for Health Monitoring and Diagnosis

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
2
School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(9), 2164; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19092164
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 27 April 2019 / Accepted: 30 April 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Wearable and Unobtrusive Monitoring Systems)
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Abstract

Over the past few decades, we have witnessed a dramatic rise in life expectancy owing to significant advances in medical science and technology, medicine as well as increased awareness about nutrition, education, and environmental and personal hygiene. Consequently, the elderly population in many countries are expected to rise rapidly in the coming years. A rapidly rising elderly demographics is expected to adversely affect the socioeconomic systems of many nations in terms of costs associated with their healthcare and wellbeing. In addition, diseases related to the cardiovascular system, eye, respiratory system, skin and mental health are widespread globally. However, most of these diseases can be avoided and/or properly managed through continuous monitoring. In order to enable continuous health monitoring as well as to serve growing healthcare needs; affordable, non-invasive and easy-to-use healthcare solutions are critical. The ever-increasing penetration of smartphones, coupled with embedded sensors and modern communication technologies, make it an attractive technology for enabling continuous and remote monitoring of an individual’s health and wellbeing with negligible additional costs. In this paper, we present a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art research and developments in smartphone-sensor based healthcare technologies. A discussion on regulatory policies for medical devices and their implications in smartphone-based healthcare systems is presented. Finally, some future research perspectives and concerns regarding smartphone-based healthcare systems are described. View Full-Text
Keywords: smartphone; remote healthcare; mHealth; telehealth; medical device; regulation; smartphone sensor smartphone; remote healthcare; mHealth; telehealth; medical device; regulation; smartphone sensor
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Majumder, S.; Deen, M.J. Smartphone Sensors for Health Monitoring and Diagnosis. Sensors 2019, 19, 2164.

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