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Article

A Novel CNN-Based Framework for Classification of Signal Quality and Sleep Position from a Capacitive ECG Measurement

1
Division of Information Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma 630-0192, Japan
2
Future Robotics Organization, Waseda University, Tokorozawa 359-1192, Japan
3
Department of Medical care Technology, Tsukuba International University, Tsuchiura 300-0051, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(7), 1731; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19071731
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 April 2019 / Published: 11 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
The further exploration of the capacitive ECG (cECG) is hindered by frequent fluctuations in signal quality from body movement and changes in sleep position. The processing framework must be fundamentally adapted to make full use of this signal. Therefore, we propose a new signal-processing framework that determines the signal quality for short signal segments (2 and 4 seconds) using a multi-class classification model (qua_model) based on a convolutional neural network (CNN). We built another independent deep CNN classifier (pos_model) to classify the sleep position. In the validation, 12 subjects were recruited for a 30-minute experiment, which required the subjects to lie on a bed in different sleeping positions. The short segments, classified as clear (C1 class) by the qua_model, were used to determine sleep positions with the pos_model. In 10-fold cross-validation, the qua_model for signals of 4-second length could recognize the signal of the C1 class at a 0.99 precision and a 0.99 recall; the pos_model could recognize the supine sleep position, the left, and right lateral sleep positions at a 0.99 averaged precision and a 0.99 averaged recall. Given the amount of data accumulated per night and the instability in the signal quality, this fully automatic processing framework is indispensable for a personal healthcare system. Therefore, this study could serve as an important step for cECG technique trying to explore the cECG for unconstrained heart monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: capacitive coupling; electrocardiogram; CNN; deep learning; sleep positions capacitive coupling; electrocardiogram; CNN; deep learning; sleep positions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kido, K.; Tamura, T.; Ono, N.; Altaf-Ul-Amin, M.; Sekine, M.; Kanaya, S.; Huang, M. A Novel CNN-Based Framework for Classification of Signal Quality and Sleep Position from a Capacitive ECG Measurement. Sensors 2019, 19, 1731. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19071731

AMA Style

Kido K, Tamura T, Ono N, Altaf-Ul-Amin M, Sekine M, Kanaya S, Huang M. A Novel CNN-Based Framework for Classification of Signal Quality and Sleep Position from a Capacitive ECG Measurement. Sensors. 2019; 19(7):1731. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19071731

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kido, Koshiro, Toshiyo Tamura, Naoaki Ono, MD. Altaf-Ul-Amin, Masaki Sekine, Shigehiko Kanaya, and Ming Huang. 2019. "A Novel CNN-Based Framework for Classification of Signal Quality and Sleep Position from a Capacitive ECG Measurement" Sensors 19, no. 7: 1731. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19071731

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