The curvature of the lane output by the vision sensor caused by shadows, changes in lighting and line breaking jumps over in a period of time, which leads to serious problems for unmanned driving control. It is particularly important to predict or compensate the real lane in real-time during sensor jumps. This paper presents a lane compensation method based on multi-sensor fusion of global positioning system (GPS), inertial measurement unit (IMU) and vision sensors. In order to compensate the lane, the cubic polynomial function of the longitudinal distance is selected as the lane model. In this method, a Kalman filter is used to estimate vehicle velocity and yaw angle by GPS and IMU measurements, and a vehicle kinematics model is established to describe vehicle motion. It uses the geometric relationship between vehicle and relative lane motion at the current moment to solve the coefficient of the lane polynomial at the next moment. The simulation and vehicle test results show that the prediction information can compensate for the failure of the vision sensor, and has good real-time, robustness and accuracy.
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