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Simulation and Analysis of SAR Images of Oceanic Shear-Wave-Generated Eddies

1,2,3, 1,2 and 1,2,*
National Key Lab of Microwave Imaging Technology, Beijing 100190, China
Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
School of Electronics, Electrical and Communication Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(7), 1529;
Received: 23 February 2019 / Revised: 16 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Techniques and Applications)
PDF [9314 KB, uploaded 29 March 2019]


Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is widely used in oceanic eddies research. High-resolution SAR images should be useful in revealing eddy features and investigating the eddy imaging mechanism. However, SAR imaging is affected by various radar parameters and environmental factors, which makes it quite difficult to learn directly from SAR eddy images. In order to interpret and evaluate eddy images, developing a proper simulation method is necessary. However, seldom has a SAR simulation method for oceanic eddies, especially for shear-wave-generated eddies, been established. As a step forward, we propose a simulation method for oceanic shear-wave-generated eddies. The Burgers-Rott vortex model is used to specify the surface current field of the simulated eddies. Images are then simulated for a range of different radar frequencies, radar look directions, wind speeds, and wind directions. The results show that the simulated images are consistent with actual SAR images. The effects of different radar parameters and wind fields on SAR eddy imaging are analyzed by qualitative and quantitative methods. Overall, the simulated images produce a surface pattern and brightness variations with characteristics resembling actual SAR images of oceanic eddies. View Full-Text
Keywords: oceanic eddies; shear-wave-generated eddies; burgers-Rott vortex model; SAR image simulation oceanic eddies; shear-wave-generated eddies; burgers-Rott vortex model; SAR image simulation

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Wang, Y.; Yang, M.; Chong, J. Simulation and Analysis of SAR Images of Oceanic Shear-Wave-Generated Eddies. Sensors 2019, 19, 1529.

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