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Hausdorff Distance Model-Based Identity Authentication for IP Circuits in Service-Centric Internet-of-Things Environment

School of Opto-Electronic and Communication Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024, China
Key Laboratory of Fujian University of Internet of Things Applied Technology, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024, China
College of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
School of Data and Computer Science, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Providence University, Taichung 43301, Taiwan
Department of Computer Science, State University of New York New Paltz, New York 12561, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in Huang, Y.; Liang, W.; Long, J.; Xu, J.; Li, K.-C. A Novel Identity Authentication for FPGA Based IP Designs. In Proceedings of the 2018 17th IEEE International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications/12th IEEE International Conference on Big Data Science and Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE), New York, NY, USA, 1–3 August 2018.
Sensors 2019, 19(3), 487;
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 15 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
PDF [3683 KB, uploaded 30 January 2019]


Rapid advances in the Internet-of-Things (IoT) have exposed the underlying hardware devices to security threats. As the major component of hardware devices, the integrated circuit (IC) chip also suffers the threat of illegal, malicious attacks. To protect against attacks and vulnerabilities of a chip, a credible authentication is of fundamental importance. In this paper, we propose a Hausdorff distance-based method to authenticate the identity of IC chips in IoT environments, where the structure is analyzed, and the lookup table (LUT) resources are treated as a set of reconfigurable nodes in field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based IC design. Unused LUT resources are selected for insertion of the copyright information by using the depth-first search algorithm, and the random positions are reordered with the Hausdorff distance matching function next, so these positions are mapped to satisfy the specific constraints of the optimal watermark positions. If the authentication process is activated, virtual positions are mapped to the initial key file, yet the identity of the IC designed can be authenticated using the mapping relationship of the Hausdorff distance function. Experimental results show that the proposed method achieves good randomness and secrecy in watermark embedding, as well the extra resource overhead caused by watermarks are promising. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hausdorff distance model; IP circuit; Internet of Things Hausdorff distance model; IP circuit; Internet of Things

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Liang, W.; Huang, W.; Chen, W.; Li, K.-C.; Li, K. Hausdorff Distance Model-Based Identity Authentication for IP Circuits in Service-Centric Internet-of-Things Environment. Sensors 2019, 19, 487.

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