Estimating the Direction of Arrival (DOA) is a basic and crucial problem in array signal processing. The existing DOA methods fail to obtain reliable and accurate results when noise and reverberation occur in real applications. In this paper, an accurate and robust estimation method for estimating the DOA of sources signal is proposed. Incorporating the Estimating Signal Parameters via Rotational Invariance Techniques (ESPRIT) algorithm with the RANdom SAmple Consensus (RANSAC) algorithm gives rise to the RAN-ESPRIT method, which removes outliers automatically in noise-corrupted environments. In this work, a uniform circular array (UCA) is converted into a virtual uniform linear array (ULA) to begin with. Then, the covariance matrix of the received signals of the virtual linear array is reconstructed, and the ESPRIT algorithm is deployed to estimate initial DOA of the source signal. Finally, the modified RANSAC method with automatically selected thresholds is used to fit the source signal to obtain accurate DOA. The proposed method can remove the unreliable DOA feature data and leads to more accuracy of DOA estimation of source signals in reverberation environments. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is more robust and efficient compared to the traditional methods (i.e., ESPRIT, TLS-ESPRIT).
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