Multispectral Fluorescence Imaging Technique for On-Line Inspection of Fecal Residues on Poultry Carcasses
AbstractRapid and reliable inspection of food is essential to ensure food safety, particularly in mass production and processing environments. Many studies have focused on spectral imaging for poultry inspection; however, no research has explored the use of multispectral fluorescence imaging (MFI) for on-line poultry inspection. In this study, the feasibility of MFI for on-line detection of fecal matter from the ceca, colon, duodenum, and small intestine of poultry carcasses was investigated for the first time. A multispectral line-scan fluorescence imaging system was integrated with a commercial poultry conveying system, and the images of chicken carcasses with fecal contaminants were scanned at processing line speeds of one, three, and five birds per second. To develop an optimal detection and classification algorithm to distinguish upper and lower feces-contaminated parts from skin, the principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were first performed using the spectral data of the selected regions, and then applied in spatial domain to visualize the feces-contaminated area based on binary images. Our results demonstrated that for the spectral data analysis, both the PCA and PLS-DA can distinguish the high and low feces-contaminated area from normal skin; however, the PCA analysis based on selected band ratio images (F630 nm/F600 nm) exhibited better visualization and discrimination of feces-contaminated area, compared with the PLS-DA-based developed chemical images. A color image analysis using histogram equalization, sharpening, median filter, and threshold value (1) demonstrated 78% accuracy. Thus, the MFI system can be developed utilizing the two band ratios for on-line implementation for the effective detection of fecal contamination on chicken carcasses. View Full-Text
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Seo, Y.; Lee, H.; Mo, C.; Kim, M.S.; Baek, I.; Lee, J.; Cho, B.-K. Multispectral Fluorescence Imaging Technique for On-Line Inspection of Fecal Residues on Poultry Carcasses. Sensors 2019, 19, 3483.
Seo Y, Lee H, Mo C, Kim MS, Baek I, Lee J, Cho B-K. Multispectral Fluorescence Imaging Technique for On-Line Inspection of Fecal Residues on Poultry Carcasses. Sensors. 2019; 19(16):3483.Chicago/Turabian Style
Seo, Youngwook; Lee, Hoonsoo; Mo, Changyeun; Kim, Moon S.; Baek, Insuck; Lee, Jayoung; Cho, Byoung-Kwan. 2019. "Multispectral Fluorescence Imaging Technique for On-Line Inspection of Fecal Residues on Poultry Carcasses." Sensors 19, no. 16: 3483.
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