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Sensors 2018, 18(9), 3066; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18093066

Monitoring and Assessing the Degradation Rate of Magnesium-Based Artificial Bone In Vitro Using a Wireless Magnetoelastic Sensor

School of Mechanical Engineering, Northeast Electric Power University, Jilin 132012, China
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Received: 8 August 2018 / Revised: 29 August 2018 / Accepted: 10 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Medical Sensing)
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Abstract

A magnetoelastic-based (MB) sensor was employed as a novel method to monitor and assess the degradation rate of magnesium-based artificial bone (MBAB) in vitro, which can be used as an implant to repair a bone defect, providing a quantitative method to depict the degradation rate of MBAB. MBABs were fabricated by the Pro/Engineering software and a precision machine tool using high-purity (HP) magnesium. The MB sensor was embedded in the neutral surface of MBAB by an unharmful quick adhesive, forming the MB sensor-embedded MBAB (EMBAB). The modified simulated body fluid (MSBF) media (PH = 7.4), mimicking the human internal environment, and the NaOH media (PH = 12), accelerating EMBAB’s degradation, were used to immerse the EMBAB for 15 days at 37 °C. The EMBAB was then tested daily on a self-developed experimental platform to monitor the relative output power under a 100 N external force. The results showed that the relative output power of the sensing coil gradually increased with the EMBAB’s degradation. The degradation rate of the EMBAB could be calculated on the basis of the changes of the relative output power caused by the MB sensor and of the degradation time. With the EMBAB’s degradation, an increasing strain directly worked on the MB sensor, significantly changing the value of the relative output power, which means that the EMBAB was characterized by a quick degradation rate. During the 15 days of the experiment, the degradation rates on the 7th and 15th days were 0.005 dbm/day and 0.02 dbm/day, and 0.02 dbm/day and 0.04 dbm/day in MSBF and alkaline media, respectively. Therefore, the MB sensor provides a wireless and passive method to monitor and assess the degradation rate of bone implants in vitro. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium-based artificial bone; magnetoelastic sensor; wireless and passive; degradation rate magnesium-based artificial bone; magnetoelastic sensor; wireless and passive; degradation rate
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Ren, L.; Yu, K.; Tan, Y. Monitoring and Assessing the Degradation Rate of Magnesium-Based Artificial Bone In Vitro Using a Wireless Magnetoelastic Sensor. Sensors 2018, 18, 3066.

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