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Sensors 2018, 18(9), 3004; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18093004

A Novel Tri-Axial MEMS Gyroscope Calibration Method over a Full Temperature Range

1
Department of Precision Instrument, Tsinghua University, Beijng 100084, China
2
Xi’an Research Institute of High Technology, Xi’an 710025, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 July 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 7 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

The micro-electro-mechanical inertial measurement unit (MEMS-IMU) has gradually become a research hotspot in the field of mid-low navigation, because of its advantages of low cost, small size, light weight, and low power consumption (CSWap). However, the performance of MEMS-IMUs can be severely degraded when subjected to temperature changes, especially gyroscopes. In order to make full use of the navigation accuracy, this paper proposes an optimized error calibration method for a tri-axial MEMS gyroscope across a full temperature range. First of all, a calibration error model is established which includes package misalignment error, sensor-to-sensor non-orthogonality error, scale factor, and bias. Then, a simple three-position positive/reversed test is undertaken by carrying out a single-axis temperature-controlled turntable at different reference temperature points. Lastly, the error compensation vector is obtained using the least squares method to establish an error matrix. It is worth mentioning that the error compensation vector at a known temperature point can be calculated through Lagrange interpolation; then, the outputs of the tri-axial MEMS gyroscope can be well compensated, eliminating the need for a recalibration step. The experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method, which is feasible and operational in engineering applications, and has a certain reference value. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal calibration; error compensation; tri-axial MEMS gyroscope; Lagrange interpolation thermal calibration; error compensation; tri-axial MEMS gyroscope; Lagrange interpolation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yang, H.; Zhou, B.; Wang, L.; Xing, H.; Zhang, R. A Novel Tri-Axial MEMS Gyroscope Calibration Method over a Full Temperature Range. Sensors 2018, 18, 3004.

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