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Sensors 2018, 18(8), 2617; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18082617

Ultrasound Sensors for Diaphragm Motion Tracking: An Application in Non-Invasive Respiratory Monitoring

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill university, Montreal, QC H3A 0E9, Canada
2
Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0E9, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2018 / Revised: 4 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 9 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Sensing System for Real-Time Monitoring)
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Abstract

This paper introduces a novel respiratory detection system based on diaphragm wall motion tracking using an embedded ultrasound sensory system. We assess the utility and accuracy of this method in evaluating the function of the diaphragm and its contribution to respiratory workload. The developed system is able to monitor the diaphragm wall activity when the sensor is placed in the zone of apposition (ZOA). This system allows for direct measurements with only one ultrasound PZT5 piezo transducer. The system generates pulsed ultrasound waves at 2.2 MHz and amplifies reflected echoes. An added benefit of this system is that due to its design, the respiratory signal is less subject to motion artefacts. Promising results were obtained from six subjects performing six tests per subject with an average respiration detection sensitivity and specificity of 84% and 93%, respectively. Measurements were compared to a gold standard commercial spirometer. In this study, we also compared our measurements to other conventional methods such as inertial and photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-invasive respiratory monitoring; diaphragm motion monitoring; PZT5 piezo; ultrasound; inertial sensor; pulse-oximetry sensor (PPG) non-invasive respiratory monitoring; diaphragm motion monitoring; PZT5 piezo; ultrasound; inertial sensor; pulse-oximetry sensor (PPG)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Shahshahani, A.; Laverdiere, C.; Bhadra, S.; Zilic, Z. Ultrasound Sensors for Diaphragm Motion Tracking: An Application in Non-Invasive Respiratory Monitoring. Sensors 2018, 18, 2617.

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