Next Article in Journal
Methionine-Capped Gold Nanoclusters as a Fluorescence-Enhanced Probe for Cadmium(II) Sensing
Next Article in Special Issue
Delay-Aware Energy-Efficient Routing towards a Path-Fixed Mobile Sink in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks
Previous Article in Journal
Parameter Estimation of the Thermal Network Model of a Machine Tool Spindle by Self-made Bluetooth Temperature Sensor Module
Previous Article in Special Issue
Node Location Privacy Protection Based on Differentially Private Grids in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2018, 18(2), 657; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18020657

A Method for Dynamically Selecting the Best Frequency Hopping Technique in Industrial Wireless Sensor Network Applications

1
Electronics and Communications Unit, IK4-Tekniker, Calle Iñaki Goenaga 5, 20600 Eibar, Spain
2
Computer Science Faculty, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Paseo M. Lardizábal 1, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2017 / Revised: 9 February 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 23 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks)
Full-Text   |   PDF [6618 KB, uploaded 24 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Industrial wireless applications often share the communication channel with other wireless technologies and communication protocols. This coexistence produces interferences and transmission errors which require appropriate mechanisms to manage retransmissions. Nevertheless, these mechanisms increase the network latency and overhead due to the retransmissions. Thus, the loss of data packets and the measures to handle them produce an undesirable drop in the QoS and hinder the overall robustness and energy efficiency of the network. Interference avoidance mechanisms, such as frequency hopping techniques, reduce the need for retransmissions due to interferences but they are often tailored to specific scenarios and are not easily adapted to other use cases. On the other hand, the total absence of interference avoidance mechanisms introduces a security risk because the communication channel may be intentionally attacked and interfered with to hinder or totally block it. In this paper we propose a method for supporting the design of communication solutions under dynamic channel interference conditions and we implement dynamic management policies for frequency hopping technique and channel selection at runtime. The method considers several standard frequency hopping techniques and quality metrics, and the quality and status of the available frequency channels to propose the best combined solution to minimize the side effects of interferences. A simulation tool has been developed and used in this work to validate the method. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; robustness; coexistence mechanisms; interference avoidance; security; frequency hopping; channel characterization wireless sensor networks; robustness; coexistence mechanisms; interference avoidance; security; frequency hopping; channel characterization
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández de Gorostiza, E.; Berzosa, J.; Mabe, J.; Cortiñas, R. A Method for Dynamically Selecting the Best Frequency Hopping Technique in Industrial Wireless Sensor Network Applications. Sensors 2018, 18, 657.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top