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Sensors 2018, 18(2), 394; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18020394

What is the Best Configuration of Wearable Sensors to Measure Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters in Children with Cerebral Palsy?

1
Laboratory of Kinesiology Willy Taillard, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
2
Laboratory of Movement Analysis and Measurement, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
3
Pediatric Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Lausanne University Hospital, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
4
Pediatric orthopedics, Geneva University Hospitals, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 December 2017 / Revised: 23 January 2018 / Accepted: 25 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Gait, Posture, and Health Monitoring)
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Abstract

Wearable inertial devices have recently been used to evaluate spatiotemporal parameters of gait in daily life situations. Given the heterogeneity of gait patterns in children with cerebral palsy (CP), the sensor placement and analysis algorithm may influence the validity of the results. This study aimed at comparing the spatiotemporal measurement performances of three wearable configurations defined by different sensor positioning on the lower limbs: (1) shanks and thighs, (2) shanks, and (3) feet. The three configurations were selected based on their potential to be used in daily life for children with CP and typically developing (TD) controls. For each configuration, dedicated gait analysis algorithms were used to detect gait events and compute spatiotemporal parameters. Fifteen children with CP and 11 TD controls were included. Accuracy, precision, and agreement of the three configurations were determined in comparison with an optoelectronic system as a reference. The three configurations were comparable for the evaluation of TD children and children with a low level of disability (CP-GMFCS I) whereas the shank-and-thigh-based configuration was more robust regarding children with a higher level of disability (CP-GMFCS II–III). View Full-Text
Keywords: cerebral palsy; gait; inertial sensors; gait events; spatiotemporal parameters cerebral palsy; gait; inertial sensors; gait events; spatiotemporal parameters
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Carcreff, L.; Gerber, C.N.; Paraschiv-Ionescu, A.; De Coulon, G.; Newman, C.J.; Armand, S.; Aminian, K. What is the Best Configuration of Wearable Sensors to Measure Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters in Children with Cerebral Palsy? Sensors 2018, 18, 394.

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