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Sensors 2018, 18(11), 3800; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18113800

Improvement of Anomalous Behavior Detection of GNSS Signal Based on TDNN for Augmentation Systems

1
Department of Internet of Things, Soonchunhyang University, Asan 31538, Korea
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan 31538, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 October 2018 / Revised: 30 October 2018 / Accepted: 4 November 2018 / Published: 6 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Intelligent Sensors)
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Abstract

The reliability of a navigation system is crucial for navigation purposes, especially in areas where stringent performance is required, such as civil aviation or intelligent transportation systems (ITSs). Therefore, integrity monitoring is an inseparable part of safety-critical navigation applications. The receiver autonomous integrity monitor (RAIM) has been used with the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) to provide integrity monitoring within avionics itself, such as in civil aviation for lateral navigation (LNAV) or the non-precision approach (NPA). However, standard RAIM may not meet the stricter aviation availability and integrity requirements for certain operations, e.g., precision approach flight phases, and also is not sufficient for on-ground vehicle integrity monitoring of several specific ITS applications. One possible way to more clearly distinguish anomalies in observed GNSS signals is to take advantage of time-delayed neural networks (TDNNs) to estimate useful information about the faulty characteristics, rather than simply using RAIM alone. Based on the performance evaluation, it was determined that this method can reliably detect flaws in navigation satellites significantly faster than RAIM alone, and it was confirmed that TDNN-based integrity monitoring using RAIM is an encouraging alternative to improve the integrity assurance level of RAIM in terms of GNSS anomaly detection. View Full-Text
Keywords: global navigation satellite system; receiver autonomous integrity monitor; time delay neural network; integrity monitoring; augmentation systems global navigation satellite system; receiver autonomous integrity monitor; time delay neural network; integrity monitoring; augmentation systems
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Kim, D.; Cho, J. Improvement of Anomalous Behavior Detection of GNSS Signal Based on TDNN for Augmentation Systems. Sensors 2018, 18, 3800.

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