Next Article in Journal
Design and Testing of a Flexible Inclinometer Probe for Model Tests of Landslide Deep Displacement Measurement
Next Article in Special Issue
Smart Device-Based Notifications to Promote Healthy Behavior Related to Childhood Obesity and Overweight
Previous Article in Journal
Smartphone Spectrometers
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Feasibility and Usability of RunningCoach: A Remote Coaching System for Long-Distance Runners
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2018, 18(1), 220;

Increasing the Intensity over Time of an Electric-Assist Bike Based on the User and Route: The Bike Becomes the Gym

Computer and Automation Department, University of Salamanca, 37002 Salamanca, Spain
Artificial Intelligence Department, Polytechnic University of Madrid, 28660 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 11 January 2018 / Accepted: 12 January 2018 / Published: 14 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Sensing Technologies for Personalised Coaching)
Full-Text   |   PDF [6602 KB, uploaded 14 January 2018]   |  


Nowadays, many citizens have busy days that make finding time for physical activity difficult. Thus, it is important to provide citizens with tools that allow them to introduce physical activity into their lives as part of the day’s routine. This article proposes an app for an electric pedal-assist-system (PAS) bicycle that increases the pedaling intensity so the bicyclist can achieve higher and higher levels of physical activity. The app includes personalized assist levels that have been adapted to the user’s strength/ability and a profile of the route, segmented according to its slopes. Additionally, a social component motivates interaction and competition between users based on a scoring system that shows the level of their performances. To test the training module, a case study in three different European countries lasted four months and included nine people who traveled 551 routes. The electric PAS bicycle with the app that increases intensity of physical activity shows promise for increasing levels of physical activity as a regular part of the day. View Full-Text
Keywords: personalized assistance level; coaching; physical activity; electric bicycles personalized assistance level; coaching; physical activity; electric bicycles

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

De La Iglesia, D.H.; De Paz, J.F.; Villarrubia González, G.; Barriuso, A.L.; Bajo, J.; Corchado, J.M. Increasing the Intensity over Time of an Electric-Assist Bike Based on the User and Route: The Bike Becomes the Gym. Sensors 2018, 18, 220.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top