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Sensors 2017, 17(9), 1989;

Development of Embedded EM Sensors for Estimating Tensile Forces of PSC Girder Bridges

2066, Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon-si, Gyonggi-do 16419, Korea
School of Civil & Architectural Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University 2066, Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon-si, Gyonggi-do 16419, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 July 2017 / Revised: 22 August 2017 / Accepted: 28 August 2017 / Published: 30 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Sensing Technologies for Nondestructive Evaluation)
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The tensile force of pre-stressed concrete (PSC) girders is the most important factor for managing the stability of PSC bridges. The tensile force is induced using pre-stressing (PS) tendons of a PSC girder. Because the PS tendons are located inside of the PSC girder, the tensile force cannot be measured after construction using conventional NDT (non-destructive testing) methods. To monitor the induced tensile force of a PSC girder, an embedded EM (elasto-magnetic) sensor was proposed in this study. The PS tendons are made of carbon steel, a ferromagnetic material. The magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic specimen are changed according to the induced magnetic field, temperature, and induced stress. Thus, the tensile force of PS tendons can be estimated by measuring their magnetic properties. The EM sensor can measure the magnetic properties of ferromagnetic materials in the form of a B (magnetic density)-H (magnetic force) loop. To measure the B-H loop of a PS tendon in a PSC girder, the EM sensor should be embedded into the PSC girder. The proposed embedded EM sensor can be embedded into a PSC girder as a sheath joint by designing screw threads to connect with the sheath. To confirm the proposed embedded EM sensors, the experimental study was performed using a down-scaled PSC girder model. Two specimens were constructed with embedded EM sensors, and three sensors were installed in each specimen. The embedded EM sensor could measure the B-H loop of PS tendons even if it was located inside concrete, and the area of the B-H loop was proportionally decreased according to the increase in tensile force. According to the results, the proposed method can be used to estimate the tensile force of unrevealed PS tendons. View Full-Text
Keywords: tensile force estimation; embedded EM sensor; PS Tendon; B-H loop measurement; PSC girder tensile force estimation; embedded EM sensor; PS Tendon; B-H loop measurement; PSC girder

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Kim, J.; Kim, J.-W.; Lee, C.; Park, S. Development of Embedded EM Sensors for Estimating Tensile Forces of PSC Girder Bridges. Sensors 2017, 17, 1989.

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