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Open AccessArticle

Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors

The Institute for Medical Science and Technology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
Department of Advanced Robotics, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT), 16163 Genova, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2017, 17(8), 1905;
Received: 9 June 2017 / Revised: 1 August 2017 / Accepted: 10 August 2017 / Published: 18 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
During recent decades, strain gauge-based joint torque sensors have been commonly used to provide high-fidelity torque measurements in robotics. Although measurement of joint torque/force is often required in engineering research and development, the gluing and wiring of strain gauges used as torque sensors pose difficulties during integration within the restricted space available in small joints. The problem is compounded by the need for a scalable geometric design to measure joint torque. In this communication, we describe a novel design of a strain gauge-based mono-axial torque sensor referred to as square-cut torque sensor (SCTS), the significant features of which are high degree of linearity, symmetry, and high scalability in terms of both size and measuring range. Most importantly, SCTS provides easy access for gluing and wiring of the strain gauges on sensor surface despite the limited available space. We demonstrated that the SCTS was better in terms of symmetry (clockwise and counterclockwise rotation) and more linear. These capabilities have been shown through finite element modeling (ANSYS) confirmed by observed data obtained by load testing experiments. The high performance of SCTS was confirmed by studies involving changes in size, material and/or wings width and thickness. Finally, we demonstrated that the SCTS can be successfully implementation inside the hip joints of miniaturized hydraulically actuated quadruped robot-MiniHyQ. This communication is based on work presented at the 18th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots (CLAWAR). View Full-Text
Keywords: torque sensor; strain gauges sensor; joint torque control torque sensor; strain gauges sensor; joint torque control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, H.; D’Imperio, M.; Cannella, F.; Caldwell, D.G.; Cuschieri, A.; Semini, C. Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors. Sensors 2017, 17, 1905.

AMA Style

Khan H, D’Imperio M, Cannella F, Caldwell DG, Cuschieri A, Semini C. Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors. Sensors. 2017; 17(8):1905.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Hamza; D’Imperio, Mariapaola; Cannella, Ferdinando; Caldwell, Darwin G.; Cuschieri, Alfred; Semini, Claudio. 2017. "Towards Scalable Strain Gauge-Based Joint Torque Sensors" Sensors 17, no. 8: 1905.

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