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Open AccessArticle

Discrimination of Oil Slicks and Lookalikes in Polarimetric SAR Images Using CNN

Information Science and Technology College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
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Sensors 2017, 17(8), 1837; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17081837
Received: 3 July 2017 / Revised: 2 August 2017 / Accepted: 7 August 2017 / Published: 9 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Oil Applications)
Oil slicks and lookalikes (e.g., plant oil and oil emulsion) all appear as dark areas in polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images and are highly heterogeneous, so it is very difficult to use a single feature that can allow classification of dark objects in polarimetric SAR images as oil slicks or lookalikes. We established multi-feature fusion to support the discrimination of oil slicks and lookalikes. In the paper, simple discrimination analysis is used to rationalize a preferred features subset. The features analyzed include entropy, alpha, and Single-bounce Eigenvalue Relative Difference (SERD) in the C-band polarimetric mode. We also propose a novel SAR image discrimination method for oil slicks and lookalikes based on Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). The regions of interest are selected as the training and testing samples for CNN on the three kinds of polarimetric feature images. The proposed method is applied to a training data set of 5400 samples, including 1800 crude oil, 1800 plant oil, and 1800 oil emulsion samples. In the end, the effectiveness of the method is demonstrated through the analysis of some experimental results. The classification accuracy obtained using 900 samples of test data is 91.33%. It is here observed that the proposed method not only can accurately identify the dark spots on SAR images but also verify the ability of the proposed algorithm to classify unstructured features. View Full-Text
Keywords: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR); pattern recognition; oil slicks; lookalikes; feature fusion; Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR); pattern recognition; oil slicks; lookalikes; feature fusion; Convolutional Neural Network (CNN)
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Guo, H.; Wu, D.; An, J. Discrimination of Oil Slicks and Lookalikes in Polarimetric SAR Images Using CNN. Sensors 2017, 17, 1837.

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