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Sensors 2017, 17(12), 2747; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17122747

A Quartz Crystal Microbalance Immunosensor for Stem Cell Selection and Extraction

1
Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Napoli “Federico II” Via Cintia, 80126 Napoli, Italy
2
Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, 80134 Napoli, Italy
3
Novaetech S.r.l., Centro Direzionale, Isola G7, 80143 Napoli, Italy
Current address: Faculty of Chemistry, University Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France.
Current address: Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 October 2017 / Revised: 21 November 2017 / Accepted: 24 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
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Abstract

A cost-effective immunosensor for the detection and isolation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) based on a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) has been developed. The recognition mechanism relies on anti-CD34 antibodies, DPSC-specific monoclonal antibodies that are anchored on the surface of the quartz crystals. Due to its high specificity, real time detection, and low cost, the proposed technology has a promising potential in the field of cell biology, for the simultaneous detection and sorting of stem cells from heterogeneous cell samples. The QCM surface was properly tailored through a biotinylated self-assembled monolayer (SAM). The biotin–avidin interaction was used to immobilize the biotinylated anti-CD34 antibody on the gold-coated quartz crystal. After antibody immobilization, a cellular pellet, with a mixed cell population, was analyzed; the results indicated that the developed QCM immunosensor is highly specific, being able to detect and sort only CD34+ cells. Our study suggests that the proposed technology can detect and efficiently sort any kind of cell from samples with high complexity, being simple, selective, and providing for more convenient and time-saving operations. View Full-Text
Keywords: QCM immunosensor; anti-CD34 antibody; stem cells; self-assembled monolayer; dental pulp QCM immunosensor; anti-CD34 antibody; stem cells; self-assembled monolayer; dental pulp
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Maglio, O.; Costanzo, S.; Cercola, R.; Zambrano, G.; Mauro, M.; Battaglia, R.; Ferrini, G.; Nastri, F.; Pavone, V.; Lombardi, A. A Quartz Crystal Microbalance Immunosensor for Stem Cell Selection and Extraction. Sensors 2017, 17, 2747.

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