A Polar Initial Alignment Algorithm for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles
AbstractDue to its highly autonomy, the strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) is widely used in unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV) navigation. Initial alignment is crucial because the initial alignment results will be used as the initial SINS value, which might affect the subsequent SINS results. Due to the rapid convergence of Earth meridians, there is a calculation overflow in conventional initial alignment algorithms, making conventional initial algorithms are invalid for polar UUV navigation. To overcome these problems, a polar initial alignment algorithm for UUV is proposed in this paper, which consists of coarse and fine alignment algorithms. Based on the principle of the conical slow drift of gravity, the coarse alignment algorithm is derived under the grid frame. By choosing the velocity and attitude as the measurement, the fine alignment with the Kalman filter (KF) is derived under the grid frame. Simulation and experiment are realized among polar, conventional and transversal initial alignment algorithms for polar UUV navigation. Results demonstrate that the proposed polar initial alignment algorithm can complete the initial alignment of UUV in the polar region rapidly and accurately. View Full-Text
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Yan, Z.; Wang, L.; Wang, T.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, X.; Liu, X. A Polar Initial Alignment Algorithm for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles. Sensors 2017, 17, 2709.
Yan Z, Wang L, Wang T, Zhang H, Zhang X, Liu X. A Polar Initial Alignment Algorithm for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles. Sensors. 2017; 17(12):2709.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yan, Zheping; Wang, Lu; Wang, Tongda; Zhang, Honghan; Zhang, Xun; Liu, Xiangling. 2017. "A Polar Initial Alignment Algorithm for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles." Sensors 17, no. 12: 2709.
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