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Open AccessArticle

Towards Optical Partial Discharge Detection with Micro Silicon Photomultipliers

State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation for Power Equipment, Xi’an Jiaotong University, 28 Xianning West Road, Xi’an 710049, China
Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Automática y Física Aplicada, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería y Diseño Industrial (ETSIDI), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Ronda de Valencia 3, 28012 Madrid, Spain
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2017, 17(11), 2595;
Received: 9 October 2017 / Revised: 31 October 2017 / Accepted: 2 November 2017 / Published: 10 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
Optical detection is reliable in intrinsically characterizing partial discharges (PDs). Because of the great volume and high-level power supply of the optical devices that can satisfy the requirements in photosensitivity, optical PD detection can merely be used in laboratory studies. To promote the practical application of the optical approach in an actual power apparatus, a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM)-based PD sensor is introduced in this paper, and its basic properties, which include the sensitivity, pulse resolution, correlation with PD severity, and electromagnetic (EM) interference immunity, are experimentally evaluated. The stochastic phase-resolved PD pattern (PRPD) for three typical insulation defects are obtained by SiPM PD detector and are compared with those obtained using a high-frequency current transformer (HFCT) and a vacuum photomultiplier tube (PMT). Because of its good performances in the above aspects and its additional advantages, such as the small size, low power supply, and low cost, SiPM offers great potential in practical optical PD monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical detection; silicon photomultiplier; partial discharge; gas insulation; PD monitoring optical detection; silicon photomultiplier; partial discharge; gas insulation; PD monitoring
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Ren, M.; Zhou, J.; Song, B.; Zhang, C.; Dong, M.; Albarracín, R. Towards Optical Partial Discharge Detection with Micro Silicon Photomultipliers. Sensors 2017, 17, 2595.

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