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Open AccessArticle

New Textile Sensors for In Situ Structural Health Monitoring of Textile Reinforced Thermoplastic Composites Based on the Conductive Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) Polymer Complex

1
Department of Textile Chemistry and Ecology, University of Zagreb Faculty of Textile Technology, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Industries Textiles, GEMTEX Laboratory, 59056 Roubaix, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2297; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17102297
Received: 20 July 2017 / Revised: 20 September 2017 / Accepted: 6 October 2017 / Published: 10 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
Many metallic structural and non-structural parts used in the transportation industry can be replaced by textile-reinforced composites. Composites made from a polymeric matrix and fibrous reinforcement have been increasingly studied during the last decade. On the other hand, the fast development of smart textile structures seems to be a very promising solution for in situ structural health monitoring of composite parts. In order to optimize composites’ quality and their lifetime all the production steps have to be monitored in real time. Textile sensors embedded in the composite reinforcement and having the same mechanical properties as the yarns used to make the reinforcement exhibit actuating and sensing capabilities. This paper presents a new generation of textile fibrous sensors based on the conductive polymer complex poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) developed by an original roll to roll coating method. Conductive coating for yarn treatment was defined according to the preliminary study of percolation threshold of this polymer complex. The percolation threshold determination was based on conductive dry films’ electrical properties analysis, in order to develop highly sensitive sensors. A novel laboratory equipment was designed and produced for yarn coating to ensure effective and equally distributed coating of electroconductive polymer without distortion of textile properties. The electromechanical properties of the textile fibrous sensors confirmed their suitability for in situ structural damages detection of textile reinforced thermoplastic composites in real time. View Full-Text
Keywords: textile sensors; conducting polymers; textile-reinforced composites; electromechanical properties; gauge factor textile sensors; conducting polymers; textile-reinforced composites; electromechanical properties; gauge factor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jerkovic, I.; Koncar, V.; Grancaric, A.M. New Textile Sensors for In Situ Structural Health Monitoring of Textile Reinforced Thermoplastic Composites Based on the Conductive Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) Polymer Complex. Sensors 2017, 17, 2297.

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