Next Article in Journal
On Event-Triggered Adaptive Architectures for Decentralized and Distributed Control of Large-Scale Modular Systems
Next Article in Special Issue
Concurrent Reflectance Confocal Microscopy and Laser Doppler Flowmetry to Improve Skin Cancer Imaging: A Monte Carlo Model and Experimental Validation
Previous Article in Journal
Conditional Random Field-Based Offline Map Matching for Indoor Environments
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessCommunication
Sensors 2016, 16(8), 1301;

Using a Hexagonal Mirror for Varying Light Intensity in the Measurement of Small-Angle Variation

Institute of Applied Mechanics, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4 Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
Department of Mechatronics Engineering, National Changhua University of Education, 2, Shi-Da Road, Changhua 50074, Taiwan
College of Mechanical Engineering, Guangxi University, 100, University Road, Nanning 530004, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thierry Bosch
Received: 16 June 2016 / Revised: 2 August 2016 / Accepted: 12 August 2016 / Published: 16 August 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [2145 KB, uploaded 16 August 2016]   |  


Precision positioning and control are critical to industrial-use processing machines. In order to have components fabricated with excellent precision, the measurement of small-angle variations must be as accurate as possible. To achieve this goal, this study provides a new and simple optical mechanism by varying light intensity. A He-Ne laser beam was passed through an attenuator and into a beam splitter. The reflected light was used as an intensity reference for calibrating the measurement. The transmitted light as a test light entered the optical mechanism hexagonal mirror, the optical mechanism of which was created by us, and then it entered the power detector after four consecutive reflections inside the mirror. When the hexagonal mirror was rotated by a small angle, the laser beam was parallel shifted. Once the laser beam was shifted, the hitting area on the detector was changed; it might be partially outside the sensing zone and would cause the variation of detection intensity. This variation of light intensity can be employed to measure small-angle variations. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of this method. The resolution and sensitivity are 3 × 10−40 and 4 mW/° in the angular range of 0.6°, respectively, and 9.3 × 10−50 and 13 mW/° in the angular range of 0.25°. View Full-Text
Keywords: hexagonal mirror; small angle; Gaussian beam; laser beam shifter hexagonal mirror; small angle; Gaussian beam; laser beam shifter

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hsieh, M.-C.; Lin, J.-Y.; Chang, C.-O. Using a Hexagonal Mirror for Varying Light Intensity in the Measurement of Small-Angle Variation. Sensors 2016, 16, 1301.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top