Carrying Position Independent User Heading Estimation for Indoor Pedestrian Navigation with Smartphones
AbstractThis paper proposes a novel heading estimation approach for indoor pedestrian navigation using the built-in inertial sensors on a smartphone. Unlike previous approaches constraining the carrying position of a smartphone on the user’s body, our approach gives the user a larger freedom by implementing automatic recognition of the device carrying position and subsequent selection of an optimal strategy for heading estimation. We firstly predetermine the motion state by a decision tree using an accelerometer and a barometer. Then, to enable accurate and computational lightweight carrying position recognition, we combine a position classifier with a novel position transition detection algorithm, which may also be used to avoid the confusion between position transition and user turn during pedestrian walking. For a device placed in the trouser pockets or held in a swinging hand, the heading estimation is achieved by deploying a principal component analysis (PCA)-based approach. For a device held in the hand or against the ear during a phone call, user heading is directly estimated by adding the yaw angle of the device to the related heading offset. Experimental results show that our approach can automatically detect carrying positions with high accuracy, and outperforms previous heading estimation approaches in terms of accuracy and applicability. View Full-Text
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Deng, Z.-A.; Wang, G.; Hu, Y.; Cui, Y. Carrying Position Independent User Heading Estimation for Indoor Pedestrian Navigation with Smartphones. Sensors 2016, 16, 677.
Deng Z-A, Wang G, Hu Y, Cui Y. Carrying Position Independent User Heading Estimation for Indoor Pedestrian Navigation with Smartphones. Sensors. 2016; 16(5):677.Chicago/Turabian Style
Deng, Zhi-An; Wang, Guofeng; Hu, Ying; Cui, Yang. 2016. "Carrying Position Independent User Heading Estimation for Indoor Pedestrian Navigation with Smartphones." Sensors 16, no. 5: 677.
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