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Open AccessArticle

An Ultrasound-Based Liquid Pressure Measurement Method in Small Diameter Pipelines Considering the Installation and Temperature

State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
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Academic Editor: Vittorio M.N. Passaro
Sensors 2015, 15(4), 8253-8265; https://doi.org/10.3390/s150408253
Received: 30 January 2015 / Accepted: 12 March 2015 / Published: 9 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
Liquid pressure is a key parameter for detecting and judging faults in hydraulic mechanisms, but traditional measurement methods have many deficiencies. An effective non-intrusive method using an ultrasound-based technique to measure liquid pressure in small diameter (less than 15 mm) pipelines is presented in this paper. The proposed method is based on the principle that the transmission speed of an ultrasonic wave in a Kneser liquid correlates with liquid pressure. Liquid pressure was calculated using the variation of ultrasonic propagation time in a liquid under different pressures: 0 Pa and X Pa. In this research the time difference was obtained by an electrical processing approach and was accurately measured to the nanosecond level through a high-resolution time measurement module. Because installation differences and liquid temperatures could influence the measurement accuracy, a special type of circuit called automatic gain control (AGC) circuit and a new back propagation network (BPN) model accounting for liquid temperature were employed to improve the measurement results. The corresponding pressure values were finally obtained by utilizing the relationship between time difference, transient temperature and liquid pressure. An experimental pressure measurement platform was built and the experimental results confirm that the proposed method has good measurement accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquid pressure measurement; ultrasonic transducer; installation difference compensation; temperature compensation liquid pressure measurement; ultrasonic transducer; installation difference compensation; temperature compensation
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Li, X.; Song, Z. An Ultrasound-Based Liquid Pressure Measurement Method in Small Diameter Pipelines Considering the Installation and Temperature. Sensors 2015, 15, 8253-8265.

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