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Sensors 2015, 15(2), 4264-4272;

Simultaneous 2D Strain Sensing Using Polymer Planar Bragg Gratings

Applied Laser and Photonics Group, University of Applied Sciences Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburger Strasse 45, 63743 Aschaffenburg, Germany
Institute of Microwaves and Photonics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Cauerstrasse 9, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 January 2015 / Revised: 28 January 2015 / Accepted: 7 February 2015 / Published: 12 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optical Sensors for Chemical, Biological and Industrial Applications)
Full-Text   |   PDF [429 KB, uploaded 13 February 2015]


We demonstrate the application of polymer planar Bragg gratings for multi-axial strain sensing and particularly highlight simultaneous 2D strain measurement. A polymer planar Bragg grating (PPBG) fabricated with a single writing step in bulk polymethylmethacrylate is used for measuring both tensile and compressive strain at various angles. It is shown that the sensitivity of the PPBG strongly depends on the angle between the optical waveguide into which the grating is inscribed and the direction along which the mechanical load is applied. Additionally, a 2D PPBG fabricated by writing two Bragg gratings angularly displaced from each other into a single polymer platelet is bonded to a stainless steel plate. The two reflected wavelengths exhibit different sensitivities while tested toward tensile and compressive strain. These characteristics make 2D PPBG suitable for measuring multi-axial tensile and compressive strain. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical sensing; planar Bragg grating; polymers; tensile and compressive strain; single writing step optical sensing; planar Bragg grating; polymers; tensile and compressive strain; single writing step
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Rosenberger, M.; Eisenbeil, W.; Schmauss, B.; Hellmann, R. Simultaneous 2D Strain Sensing Using Polymer Planar Bragg Gratings. Sensors 2015, 15, 4264-4272.

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