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Open AccessArticle

Application of Gas Sensor Arrays in Assessment of Wastewater Purification Effects

1
Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 40B Str., Lublin 20-618, Poland
2
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doswiadczalna 4 Str., Lublin 20-290, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sensors 2015, 15(1), 1-21; https://doi.org/10.3390/s150100001
Received: 8 September 2014 / Accepted: 15 December 2014 / Published: 23 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modern Technologies for Sensing Pollution in Air, Water, and Soil)
A gas sensor array consisting of eight metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) type gas sensors was evaluated for its ability for assessment of the selected wastewater parameters. Municipal wastewater was collected in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in a primary sedimentation tank and was treated in a laboratory-scale sequential batch reactor (SBR). A comparison of the gas sensor array (electronic nose) response to the standard physical-chemical parameters of treated wastewater was performed. To analyze the measurement results, artificial neural networks were used. E-nose—gas sensors array and artificial neural networks proved to be a suitable method for the monitoring of treated wastewater quality. Neural networks used for data validation showed high correlation between the electronic nose readouts and: (I) chemical oxygen demand (COD) (r = 0.988); (II) total suspended solids (TSS) (r = 0.938); (III) turbidity (r = 0.940); (IV) pH (r = 0.554); (V) nitrogen compounds: N-NO3 (r = 0.958), N-NO2 (r = 0.869) and N-NH3 (r = 0.978); (VI) and volatile organic compounds (VOC) (r = 0.987). Good correlation of the abovementioned parameters are observed under stable treatment conditions in a laboratory batch reactor. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas sensor array; electronic nose (e-nose); sewage physical-chemical parameters; wastewater treatment; sequencing batch reactors (SBR) gas sensor array; electronic nose (e-nose); sewage physical-chemical parameters; wastewater treatment; sequencing batch reactors (SBR)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guz, Ł.; Łagód, G.; Jaromin-Gleń, K.; Suchorab, Z.; Sobczuk, H.; Bieganowski, A. Application of Gas Sensor Arrays in Assessment of Wastewater Purification Effects. Sensors 2015, 15, 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/s150100001

AMA Style

Guz Ł, Łagód G, Jaromin-Gleń K, Suchorab Z, Sobczuk H, Bieganowski A. Application of Gas Sensor Arrays in Assessment of Wastewater Purification Effects. Sensors. 2015; 15(1):1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/s150100001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guz, Łukasz; Łagód, Grzegorz; Jaromin-Gleń, Katarzyna; Suchorab, Zbigniew; Sobczuk, Henryk; Bieganowski, Andrzej. 2015. "Application of Gas Sensor Arrays in Assessment of Wastewater Purification Effects" Sensors 15, no. 1: 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/s150100001

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